Valerian has been used as a medicinal herb since at least the time of ancient Greece and Rome. Hippocrates described its properties, and Galen later prescribed it as a remedy for insomnia. In medieval Sweden, it was sometimes placed in the wedding clothes of the groom to ward off the "envy" of the elves.
Valerian is a perennial that produces clusters of pink or white flowers in the summer and grows up to 5 feet tall.It is native to Asia and Europe, has naturalized in northeastern America, and is extensively cultivated in Belgium, The Netherlands, France, Germany, Eastern Europe, Japan, and the United States.There are over 250 species of the genusValeriana.In the United States and Europe,V. officinalisis the most commonly used and studied species.The derivation of the genus name,Valeriana,
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